The Institute implemented research about balancing work and personal life duties. The main goal of this research was to find out ways on how to improve single parent conditions in balancing work and home duties. The results were collected by using specially prepared questionnaires. The survey included 1856 respondents: 890 single mothers, 6 single fathers, 896 employers and representatives of employers, and 64 representatives of municipalities.
Outcomes of the research:
- Lithuania experiences increasing number of children who are growing with one of the parents, most likely just with mother, rarely just with father. This phenomenon is predetermined by the growth of children who are born outside the marriage, increasing number of unstable situations in families and divorce rate.
- 91 percent of respondents believe that if we want to insure happy childhood, every child should grow up in families with both parents. Meanwhile, 9 percent of respondents (age group of 18 – 24) disagreed with such opinion and affirmed that happiness is not necessary related to the family composition.
- The increase of children growing with single parents were assessed “very negatively” by 29 percent and “negatively” by 59 percent of respondents.
- Incomes of single parent families per person are approx. 30% lower than average incomes of two parents families with small children; 61,70 percent of single parent families could not afford incidental expenses and 22,7 percent – housing maintenance costs.
- Low women attendance in the labour market is related to the child care duties as pre-school institutions do not provide sufficient number of places in their premises.
- Children who grew up with single parent usually get lower grades at school, early start sexual life, more likely to try alcohol and drugs.
- People who belong to single parent families constitute the biggest segment in the high-risk (poverty related) group; therefore households of municipality have to distribute the highest amount of social allowances. In the case of a single adult who is raising one or more children, the percentage of high-risk families in poverty is almost three times higher than in the families with two adults who are raising one or more children.
- 50 percent of single parent families constantly meet financial difficulties. Due to the lack of incomes they are not able to pay housing maintenance costs on time and spend money on quality nutrition. Only 20 percent of this type of families can afford themselves to have one week holidays outside the house and just 30 percent have enough savings to pay for incidental expenses of up to 400 Lt.
- The average consumption costs of families with single adult who is raising one child up to 18 years, in 2010 amounted to 657 Lt per person per month (families without children 840 Lt per person per month).
The research shows that situation in Lithuania is very bad, especially with single parent families. Children who are growing up in families with single adult receive lower education, which leads to less qualified jobs with lower salaries in the future.